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Date of publication, May 2010
The Tax Year
The UK tax year runs from 6 April to the following 5 April. For example the 2010/2011 tax year refers to the period 6 April 2010 to 5 April 2011.
Types of Tax
The UK tax on individuals is made up of:
Income and benefits
Taxable income includes all income and benefits received from employment in the UK and all investment income. Income is taxed in bands with the basic rate being 20% and higher rate being 40%.Income is taxed in bands with the basic rate being 20%, higher rate being 40% and additional rate being 50% (on income above £150,000).
Where an overseas national is seconded to the UK to work for the UK entity for a period of less than two years, he can be provided with accommodation, travel and other similar benefits tax free (Referred to as “detached duty relief”).
National Insurance Contributions
National insurance contributions are paid by employers (12.8% over base threshold) and employees (11% over base threshold up to a cap of £40,040 and 1% thereafter) on an individual’s employment income.
Self employed individuals account directly to the tax authorities(HMRC) for their national insurance contributions.
Capital Gains tax
If an individual is resident in the UK and makes a disposal of assets the profits on these are liable to Capital Gains Tax at 18% (subject to various exemptions and deductions).
How Tax is collected
There are two methods of collection:
Liability for tax in the UK
In general, if an individual is resident in the UK in any tax year, that person will be subject to UK tax laws.
An individual is UK resident if:-
The term ordinarily resident implies a greater degree of permanence than being resident. If you are not ordinarily resident you will be only be taxed on employment income from your UK duties. You will be exempt from UK tax on your overseas duties provided your remuneration for these is not remitted to the UK.
An individual would normally become ‘ordinarily resident’ if:-
This guide does not contain a full statement of the law and it does not constitute legal advice. Please seek legal advice if you have any questions about the information set out above.