Posted on: 15 May, 17
Welcome to our Guide to Retirement Planning. The pension freedoms rule changes mean that we’ll be increasingly in charge of our pensions, both while we’re building up our retirement pot and when we start to draw an income. It’s therefore more important than ever to plan our retirement saving from an early age.
Making sure we have enough money in retirement to enable us to spend our time the way we want to and doing those things we always intended is at the heart of planning for our retirement. We are all living longer, the State Pension Age keeps increasing and pensions legislation is ever-changing. On the second anniversary of the pension freedoms reforms that took effect from April 2015, some retirement savers say they are still confused by the rules and want no more changes.
The changes of April 2015 represented a complete shake-up of the UK’s pensions system, giving people much more control over their defined contribution pension savings than before. There are now more options for using this type of private pension, enabling some people aged over 55 to have greater freedom over how they can access their pension pots – the money they’ve built up during their working life.
Independent research from Prudential highlights that two out of three over-55s (67%) – the age from which retirement savers can utilise the new rules – say they are still confused by the reforms. More than three quarters (77%) want an end to any further changes to pension rules, and more than four out of ten (42%) say the continual changes to pensions have made them switch off from the topic.
Government figures demonstrate the cost of this confusion for retirement savers, as tax bills related to the pension freedoms are now greater than anticipated. It was initially estimated that the changes would mean a total of £900 million being paid in both tax years 2015/16 and 2016/17. In fact, a total of £2.6 billion in tax is now expected to be paid.
The new pension freedoms are having an impact in other ways. Nearly one in ten (9%) over-55s say they have made changes to their retirement plans as a result of the reforms. Receiving professional financial advice has also been increasing, with a fifth of retirement savers (21%) saying they are taking advice, while a further 9% are either planning to or have done so for the first time. However, concerns that pension rules may change again in the future persist, with 81% of over-55s worried that the State Pension might be reduced and 57% concerned it will be abolished. Nearly two out of three (63%) also believe that tax relief on pension contributions will be reduced at some time in the future. Increased flexibility brought about by the reforms
Nearly 550,000 people have accessed more than £9.2 billion in funds since the launch of pension freedoms, demonstrating that there is popular demand for the increased flexibility brought about by the reforms.
Two years on from the introduction of the new rules, there is also widespread confusion, with two out of three over-55s admitting they don’t fully understand the reforms. This lack of understanding may be a contributing factor in pension-related tax paid to the Treasury being higher than originally expected.
This widespread confusion underlines the importance of advice and guidance in ensuring that the pension freedoms are a longterm success, and it is encouraging that many savers recognise how advice can help them to make the most of their retirement pot. This is a crucial fact, because how you take your pension could have many consequences, including putting you in a higher tax bracket – even if that is not normally the case.
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