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Date of publication: November 2018

If you are tax resident in the UK you will have to pay tax here on the income you receive from UK sources. If you are UK domiciled you will also have to pay UK tax on your worldwide income. If you are resident but not domiciled in the UK you will only have to pay tax on any non UK income if you actually bring the money into the UK- this is called the remittance basis. There are conditions attached to using the remittance basis- see below.

Tax residence is a complicated area and you should always seek advice appropriate to your personal circumstances.

UK tax residency status is determined by applying the UK Statutory Residence Test. This test looks at the number of days you were present in the UK, past UK residencies and the number of ties you have to the UK.

Please consult the flow chart here to help determine residency status.

Domicile

Domicile has a greater degree of permanence than residence. When you are born you take the domicile of your father, or if your parents were not married then you take the domicile of your mother. You continue to have this domicile status unless you change it. If your parents domicile changes while you are a dependent child, then your domicile changes too. If, after the age of 16 you permanently settle in a new country you can adopt that country’s domicile.

You will be deemed domiciled in the UK for tax purposes, regardless of actual domicile if either:

  • You were born in the UK, have a UK domicile of Origin and are resident in the UK for tax purposes, or
  • You’ve been a UK tax resident for 15 of the 20 tax years immediately before the relevant tax year.

Remittance basis

If you are resident in the UK but not domiciled here then you can chose to pay tax in the UK only on income earned here or brought into the UK, and you don’t have to pay UK tax on overseas income which you leave offshore. If you want to use this basis of taxation and your non-UK income is over £2,000 per year you will lose the right to a UK personal tax free allowance. If you have been UK resident for seven of the last nine tax years you can only continue to use the remittance basis if you pay an annual charge of £30,000. The amount of the charge goes up to £60,000 once you have been UK resident for 12 years.

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Disclaimer: This note does not contain a full statement of the law and it does not constitute legal advice.  Please contact us if you have any questions about the information set out above.

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